Private water supplies

A private water supply is any supply which is not provided by a water undertaker, such as Yorkshire Water or Northumbrian Water. The water may come from a spring, well, borehole, pond, lake, stream or river.

The Private Water Supply Regulations 2016 apply to all private water supplies intended for human consumption. They aim to protect public health and require the same quality standards as the mains water supply. Private supplies are more likely to be contaminated because the sources are more likely to be unprotected from contamination and they are generally not treated to the same standard as public supplies. The legislation contains details of the criteria used to develop the sampling programme, together with the list of substances and criteria used in relation to sampling.

Advice leaflets

We have compiled some useful information about private water in the following downloadable fact sheets:

Further information

Risk assessment

We are required to carry out a risk assessment of all private water supplies in the Hambleton area every 5 years. Risk assessments involve looking at the whole private water supply including the source, the area the water is abstracted from and the number of consumers using it. The risk assessment also includes inspection of the water source, storage tanks, water treatment and considers any potential hazards that may exist.

The risk assessment must be carried out by a competent person which is the local authority or someone approved as competent by the local authority. However, to save time and potentially reduce costs, you can collect information about your supply for the risk assessment and provide it to the local authority eg plan of layout of the supply, details of any treatment systems in place etc

Private water supply information pack

Larger supplies(greater than 10 cubic metres per day) that provide water for commercial activities also require a check and audit sampling to be carried out. The frequency of these checks depends upon the volume of water used on an annual basis.

These are all chargeable services, see our private water supply charges.

You can find an action plan for common risk mitigation measures here.

List of known specialist water engineers and advisors

All works to a private water supply must be carried out by a competent person. A list of water engineers can be found here.

Report a problem

Use our online form to report any problems with private water supplies.

Private water supply risk assessment survey

In order to improve our private water supply service we want to know what you - our customers - think. We would be grateful if you could take a few moments to complete this survey. Please base your answers on your most recent experience with the service.