Smoke and carbon monoxide alarms

The Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (England) Regulations mean landlords have a duty to ensure rented premises have: 

  • a smoke alarm on every floor of their property
  • a carbon monoxide alarm in their properties which use or burn solid fuels (coal fire, wood burner, wood burning aga, etc)
  • their alarms checked at the start of every new tenancy 

The regulations are can be found here:

The government has produced a question and answers booklet for landlords and tenants available here:

Landlords excluded from the regulations

Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMOs) and properties owned by registered social landlords amongst others are excluded. 

HMOs and hostels are already covered by other legislation. Specific guidance already exists to assist these landlords to work out the appropriate standard of fire detection and alarm they need.

  • Houses in Multiple Occupation

Enforcing landlord duties

If a landlord doesn't fulfil their duties the council will serve a remedial notice which sets out:

  • which duties the landlord has failed to comply with
  • what action should be taken

Action is required within 28 days. If they don't agree with the notice, landlords can appeal.

Penalties for landlords failing to meet their duties

If a landlord fails to comply with the remedial notice the council will arrange with the tenants consent, for an authorized person to take the action to install the alarm. The council will also impose a penalty charge on those landlords who do not comply which can be up to £5,000. This will cover the cost of carrying out the works and cost incurred in doing so. 

How the council determines the fixed penalty charge can be found in the Statement of Principles.

Further information

If you have concerns regarding fire safety or carbon monoxide within a rented property please contact the Environmental Health Technical Support team by:

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